History Of The Piano As A Music Instrument

Here is the history of the piano and its evolution over the years, and also including information such as who invented the piano, when it was invented and more.

Who invented the piano?

Bartolomeo Cristofori, an Italian instrument maker, invented the piano.

Cristofori was born in 1655 and began working as a harpsichord builder in Florence, Italy. His innovative spirit and a desire to create an instrument with dynamic, expressive capabilities led to the development of the piano.

When was the piano invented?

Bartolomeo Cristofori invented the first piano around the year 1700. However, it was not initially called a piano; instead, it was referred to as the “gravicembalo col piano e forte,” which translates to “harpsichord with soft and loud.” This name aptly described the instrument’s primary innovation: the ability to produce both soft and loud sounds, a feature that would become a defining characteristic of the piano.

Evolution of the Piano

The piano as a music instrument has evolved in its form over the years.

Early pianos

Cristofori’s early pianos had a simpler design compared to modern pianos. They featured a hammer mechanism that struck the strings, replacing the plucking mechanism found in harpsichords and clavichords.

These early pianos had a range of about four to five octaves and were initially used in the courts of Italy and later spread to other European countries.

The spread of the piano

The piano’s design continued to evolve, with many instrument makers in Europe adopting and refining Cristofori’s ideas.

By the mid-18th century, the piano had gained popularity in Europe and had begun to replace the harpsichord as the primary keyboard instrument.

Industrial revolution and technical advancements

The 19th century saw significant advancements in piano technology, thanks to the Industrial Revolution.

Innovations like the cast iron frame, which allowed for greater string tension and increased durability, led to the development of larger and more powerful instruments.

Modern pianos

Today’s pianos come in various styles and sizes, with the grand piano and upright piano being the most common.

The modern piano typically has 88 piano keys, encompassing seven octaves and a minor third, providing a wide range for playing complex and expressive music.

If you love the beautiful music that a piano produces and want to be able to play the piano too, then register for our piano lessons. All of our classes are taught by highly qualified teachers.